The study was carried out in the Mustang district of Nepal (2005). The objectives were to describe the density of common leopard Panthera pardus sign and explore the people leopard conflict.
Different eight transect were drawn in field to know about the sign density. Out of 8 transects conducted 4 transects did not account for any signs of the leopard but the remaining four accounted for 19 signs. The scrapes were most abundantly recorded with 12 and followed by scats (4) and pugmarks (3). The encounter rate of scrape was the highest with 2.84 signs/km. The encounter rate of pugmarks and scats being 0.709 and 0.946 respectively.
Census was done in the village (152 house hold) to know about the conflict with common leopard. Structural questionnaire were used to collect the information. Interactions with the locals have confirmed that the leopard is one of the prominent predators which is mostly responsible for the killing of the domesticated animals upon which the villagers are economically dependent. Total depredation came out to be US $ 7370.84 in 2005. 65% respondents were notice the increase in depredation. Though, 39.46% people perceive that there are many benefits of conserving the leopards in the form of support to tourism, 20 % respondent suggest killing leopards is the only way to reduce the problem of livestock depredation.
To resolve the conflict in study area, regular monitoring of common leopard, proper guarding of livestock, conservation education for people and alternative income for livestock herder were recommended.
Raju Acharya Sharma