Guidelines to author

Call for Article

The Himalayan Naturalist is a bi-annual, online newsletter to cover wildlife conservation related contributions - scientific and general. We look for articles that deal with wildlife research and conservation.

Once an article has been published in an online or hardcopy journal/newsletter, it will be considered ineligible including derivatives for re-publication until and unless the content have been rearranged to be considered entirely new article. However, articles published in a personal or organizational website won’t be considered as published.  

Editorial Policy

The Himalayan Naturalist takes plagiarism seriously. Any article found to plagiarise will be rejected instantly and further articles from the authors won’t be accepted until a satisfactory explanation is provided to the editor.

Content should be relevant to biodiversity and conservation. Any articles that are deemed to have no contribution on conservation won’t be published. Authors are welcome to justify their article(s) as significant for conservation in case the view of editors differ.

Citations will be checked thoroughly. Please make sure you have them in order. Please be wary of articles published in predatory journals. You can check them here and here

Peer review process

If the submitted manuscript doesn’t follow the format given below, it will be rejected instantly and sent to authors for revisions. The manuscript will be reviewed only after the manuscripts have been revised as per the format.  

Original contributions, short communications, and review papers will be published only after two peers have reviewed the article. After the editors have made sure the manuscript is as per the guideline, it will be sent to two independent peers from related field. We will keep both sides anonymous from each other. Revision will be requested if the reviewers suggest so.

Distribution updates, opinions, field notes, hotspots, and conservation bulletin will be edited by the editors. Revisions will be requested when required.   

Article classification

Articles are classified on the basis of the underlying work, source, and intention. Each manuscript should clearly indicate which classification it belongs to. Editors can suggest change in article type based on the manuscript.

Original contribution for scientific articles

Original research by authors that resulted in new and exciting findings can be submitted as original contributions. The manuscript should follow the standard format complete with abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussions, acknowledgements, references, and biographical sketch. The upper word limit is 4,000 requiring citation exclusively. You can include abstract in your native language but is not compulsory.

Short Communications

Articles based on short term research, case studies, and byproducts of other major research can be submitted under short communications. It should be under 2,000 words. Though not compulsory, it is highly advised to follow the same format as original contribution.

Review papers

These include articles mostly done from reviewing scientific papers rather than based on field work. The word limit is 2,000 and requires citation.

Distribution updates

These include short notes about record of species from new locations previously thought to be unoccupied. Provide verifiable evidence (such as photographs, DNA results) and locations (maps would be great) of the record. The article should not cross 700 words and require citation.


Opinions on articles published as well as on issues critical for conservation are welcome. These should be limited to 1,000 words. Citation is optional though reference is encouraged.

Hotspots which will cover article on an important areas for wildlife

These include description and importance of areas which are important in terms of wildlife diversity they possess. These should not be more than 1500 words. Citation is optional though reference is encouraged.

Field Notes

Interesting incidents, memorable observations and similar field experiences can be submitted under field notes. The upper word limit is 1,000 and doesn’t require citation.

Conservation bulletin for articles such as wildlife celebration in pokhara

Articles on conservation activities on local or regional level, issues in conservation, and similar theme can be submitted under conservation bulletin. Word limit is 700 and doesn’t require citation.

The body of the manuscript

A typical manuscript submitted to The Himalayan Naturalist should follow standard format of scientific paper.

Manuscript type











Biographical sketch

List of attachments

Original contributions should follow the format compulsorily. Submissions on short communications and distribution updates are flexible but are highly encouraged to follow the format. Use calibri/arial, font size 12, left alignment (not justified), line spacing 1, without any paragraph space. Give two line breaks for paragraph change. Do not indent the first sentence of paragraph. Use SI units whenever possible. Give space before unit (12 km, 4.5 km2). Coordinates should be given in Decimal Degrees (27.9487°) and not Degree Minute (27° 28.965') or Degree Minute Second (27° 28' 43"). Use 24 hour format for time (such ams 14h09 instead of 2:09 pm). Each heading should be bold and subsequent sub-headings should be italicized. Terms that have local origin should be italicized, explained at the first use with either a footnote or inside a parenthesis right next to the word. For example. Raju dai (dai means older brother in Nepali).

Scientific and common names

Common names are written in lowercase except starting a sentence or in case of the proper noun. Scientific name should follow common name on first use after a space in italics. For example: large Indian civet Viverra zibetha, snow leopard Panthera uncia, Pallas’s cat Otocolobus manul. Please do not use scientific name in titles. Do not use parenthesis for scientific name. In case of confusion in scientific name, please follow

References footnote style

Reference should be listed carefully. During citation, author’s name should be followed by publication year without comma (eg. Ghimirey 2009). If the article is written by three or more authors, it should be cited as et al. followed by date without a comma (eg. Ghimirey et al. 2012). In case of multiple citation, arrange them chronologically (eg. Ghimirey 2009; Ghimirey et al. 2012). In case, the publication year matches for authors, single authors come first followed by two authors and so on. Book title, journal title, report title, newspaper and scientific names should be italicized.

The examples are for reference only and may not exist in real.

Book reference

Author, year of publication. Book title. Name of publisher, place of publication. Page numbers (if applicable).

Acharya, R. and Ghimirey, Y. 2017. Latokosero ki Batokosero. Friends of Nature, Kathmandu, Nepal and Rufford Small Grants, UK. PP 110-113.

Book chapter references

Author, year of publication. chapter title, In book title, editors (if applicable). name of publisher. and place of publication. page numbers.

Ghimirey, Y. 2012. Snow leopards in Nepal. In Felids of Nepal, Thapa, T.B. and Thapa, K. (eds.). WWF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal. PP. 23-26.

Journal references

Author, year of publication. Article title. Journal title volume number, and page numbers.

Ghimirey Y. and Acharya, R. 2017. The vulnerable clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Nepal: an update. Oryx 52, 166-170.


Authors, year of publication. Thesis title. University, location. Page numbers

Adhikary, B. 2017. Tree composition and structure of black-handed spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi) habitats in fragmented forests of Rivas isthmus, Nicaragua. M.Sc Thesis, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen.


Authors, year of publication. Report title. Organization, location. Page numbers (if applicable)

FON 2017. Nepal Owl Festival 2017. Friends of Nature, Kathmandu, Nepal.

FON 2013. Illegal wildlife trade and hunting in Humla. Unpublished. Friends of Nature, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Conference and symposium proceedings

Author, date. Title. Proceedings title. Organizer, location.

Ghimire, Y., Acharya, R., Ghimire, B. and Koirala, V. 2011. Presence/absence and status of squirrels (Sciuridae) in Makalu-Barun National Park. Proceedings of Second Seminar on Small Mammals Issues. SMCRF, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Online papers or websites

Author, date. Title. Source/URL. Retrieved date

Ghimirey, Y. and Acharya, R. 2017. Status of small carnivores in Nepal. 15 April 2018.


Author, date. Title. Newspaper

Acharya, R. 2018. Salman kina gaye jail. Pahilopost

Author organization and corresponding author

Please follow this format


Author A1*,Author B2, Author C3

1 Author A’s organization

2  Author B’s organization

3 Author C’s organization

*corresponding author: Author A’s email id

Biographical sketch

Include a few sentence about the authors under 40 words. This should include their recent work, organizations, and research interest.

List of Attachments/File Management

Manuscript submitted must be *.doc, *.docx or file type that can be opened in Microsoft word. Insert the tables at the end of manuscript fitting the width of A4 size document. Tables should be numbered as Table # and captioned. Each manuscript submitted must attach figures and photographs separately in the same email. These attachments should be listed at the end of manuscripts with numbers and captions clearly. Figures and photographs should be numbered collectively as Figure #, have file size not less than 2 MB in .jpeg or .tiff format. For instructions on creating graphics, consult graphics for conservation. In case of charts/graphs made in excel, *.xls or *.xlsx file should be provided. It is highly advised to design your graphs/figures so that they can be understood in grayscale prints too.   Files attached should have names that correspond with the list of attachments.

Please link the attachments with the body of manuscript so that editors can put them in context in the list of attachments. For example. Table 1. Detail of camera trap stations. (Table 1 provides the detail of the camera trap stations of the area); Figure 2. Map showing camera trap stations (Camera traps were placed at 34 locations in Sikles).

While providing the photographs, authors are responsible for making sure that the owner of the photographs have given consent. Photographs provided should not have any watermark/copyright engraved. Photo credit has to be provided with the list of attachments which will be put at alongside photographs by the editors.


Maps are important graphics tool to represent your findings. Please provide your map in high resolutions. Please bear in mind how the map will look in grayscale printing too. Since not all authors have GIS skill, please let us know if you need any assistance with mapmaking. Editors will send you the map for approval before final publication.


Hyperlinks should be provided whenever possible linking references to their digital source.

Cover letter

If there is any other information that the editor should know on sensitive issues such as making coordinates of endangered species unavailable, or you might deem necessary, please include them with the cover letter while submitting your manuscript.

Submitting a manuscript

Please submit your articles following the format mentioned above through email at Only electronic copies following our guidelines will be accepted.

Acknowledgement of receipt of your submitted manuscript

After we have safely received your manuscript, a mail acknowledging your submission will be sent by the editor on the email address of corresponding author or the email used to submit the article.